Why Do I Need Deep Dental Cleaning?

Periodontal (i.e., gum) disease affects approximately 47% of women and men in the United States and is a primary reason for tooth loss. Infected gums also put you at risk for other kinds of infection, including septic shock. Luckily, gum disease is reversible, especially if treated early. 

At Comfort Dental Spa in Farmington Hills, Michigan, our skilled dentists evaluate your gum health and, when necessary, recommend a deep cleaning to halt the progress of gum disease and restore your oral health. To help you better understand what we can accomplish through a deep cleaning, here’s what it is and why you may need one.

Gum disease destroys bones and teeth

Your teeth help you chew, speak, and form your jaw structure. When you take care of your teeth, they should last you a lifetime. Sometimes, though, gum disease can develop, placing the health of your teeth and gums in great peril.

Gum disease can start out mildly and not cause any symptoms at first. When bacteria builds up in plaque, it causes mild inflammation in your gums. This is gingivitis and is easily reversed with good oral hygiene at home as well as regular professional cleanings with us twice a year.

If you don’t treat your gingivitis, however, it becomes more aggressive and can lead quite quickly to periodontitis. If you have periodontitis, your gums pull away from your teeth. Pockets then form in these spaces, where more damaging bacteria can seep in and wreak havoc.

As the periodontitis advances, the bacteria can damage your alveolar bone. Bone loss leads to loose teeth that may eventually fall out altogether.

Deep cleaning restores health 

If your gingivitis has progressed to periodontitis, you need a deep cleaning. The deep cleaning process thoroughly cleans out plaque from underneath your gums. 

A deep cleaning is sometimes referred to as “scaling and root planing.” Our technicians use special ultrasonic instruments to remove all the plaque and tartar from your teeth, including the buildup of plaque under your gums, where pockets have formed. 

After we clean your teeth, we perform root planing to help prevent future problems with gum disease. In root planing, we use a scaling instrument to smooth out the planes of your tooth roots, allowing your gums to reattach snugly to your teeth and stop bacteria from seeping back under the gum line.

Depending upon the degree of your gum disease, you may need two visits to complete your deep cleaning. Some people experience minor discomfort afterward. You can manage any discomfort with over-the-counter medications. However, without the bacteria, your gums will heal quickly.

Maintain your healthy gums 

You can help maintain the good results of your deep cleaning by maintaining your home dental hygiene routine. Brush your teeth twice a day, floss once daily, rinse when you don’t have a toothbrush, and keep up with your regular dental checkups. 

If you have signs of gum disease, make an appointment at our office to learn how we can help. With professional cleanings, screenings, and care, your teeth can last a lifetime. Call during office hours, or use our online form. 

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